The (re)solve project was designed to generate and rapidly test innovative solutions to address behavioral barriers and increase women and girl’s use of modern contraception in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Bangladesh. To complete the work, Pathfinder International brought together a consortium of partners including ICRW, Camber Collective and ideas42.
In each of the three countries, Camber began with an audience segmentation process for the target populations of interest. Next, ideas42 conducted a rapid assessment of the target population, and developed solutions to address behavioral barriers to accessing and using modern contraceptive methods for each unique population.
In each country, through rapid and iterative testing of these solutions, the (re)solve team discovered which solutions best supported women and girls to use modern methods.
ICRW’s primary role on the consortium was as the research partner. We developed evaluation plans for the interventions (i.e., solutions) designed to address women and girls’ unmet need for contraception in all three countries. ICRW also led the consortium’s internal monitoring and learning agenda, aimed at understanding how partners adapted these solutions as the consortium discovered what works or not to change intentions, attitudes and behaviors related to contraception. ICRW worked closely with Pathfinder to capture and disseminate knowledge about the process by which these solutions were adapted.
ICRW developed rigorous mixed-methods cluster randomized control trial designs in each of the three countries; however, due to COVID and civil unrest, the evaluation work was only completed in Burkina Faso.
In Burkina Faso, our main goal was to assess the extent to which exposure to an intervention—in this case, a facilitated board game and health passport aimed at getting adolescent girls (in the equivalent of 9th and 10th grade) to health facilities—changed girls’ SRH attitudes, beliefs, intentions and behaviors.
We conducted data collection as such:
Overall, ICRW and the (re)solve team will generate much-needed knowledge about how various interventions addressing unmet need can be rapidly tested and then adapted to new populations and contexts.
Specifically, in Burkina Faso, we saw greater shifts in SRH attitudes and beliefs in girls who played the game and received a passport, as compared to girls in control schools. Many intervention-school girls went to a health facility after exposure to the intervention, and there was a positive impact on intention to use contraception in the next three months (although it was not statistically significant).