Men’s attitudes on gender equality and contraceptive use in Uttar Pradesh, India

Publication issues/theme

Family Planning, Men and Masculinities

Men play crucial role in contraceptive decision-making, particularly in highly gender-stratified populations. Past research examined men’s attitudes toward fertility and contraception and the association with actual contraceptive practices.  This study, conducted by ICRW and several other NGOs, demonstrates that contraceptive programs need to engage men and address gender equitable attitudes; this can be done through peer outreach (interpersonal communication) or via mass media. Engaging men to be more gender equal may have an influence beyond contraceptive use in contexts where men play a crucial role in household decision-making.