Family planning use among urban poor women from six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India

Publication Year


Publication Author

Speizer, I., Nanda, P., Achyut, P., Pillai, G., & Guilkey, D.

Publication DOI


Publication issues/theme

Family Planning

Publication Title

Journal of Urban Health

Publication Pages



This study uses baseline, representative data from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India to examine family planning use among the urban poor. Across all cities, there is a higher unmet need for family planning to limit childbearing than for spacing births. Poorer women are more likely to have an unmet need than richer women in both the slum and non-slum samples. This effect is attenuated when education is included in the analysis. Programs seeking to target the urban poor in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere in India may be better served to identify the less educated women and target these women with appropriate family planning messages and methods that meet their current and future fertility desire needs.