Asia

Solutions to End Child Marriage

Solutions to End Child Marriage
Summary of the Evidence

ICRW
2013

This policy brief highlights five evidence-based strategies identified by ICRW to delay or prevent child marriage: 1) Empower girls with information, skills and support networks; 2) Provide economic support and incentives to girls and their families; 3) Educate and rally parents and community members; 4) Enhance girls' access to a high-quality education; and 5) Encourage supportive laws and policies. In order for the next generation of development programs to make ending child marriage a priority, policymakers must pay attention to these strategies while continuing to test innovative approaches and evaluation techniques.

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Improving Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Bangladesh

The purpose of this project is to gain a better understanding of the key barriers to adolescents' sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and how these barriers can be overcome through programmatic and policy interventions. ICRW will use a variety of research methods and strategies, including primary and secondary data analysis, to assess the sexual and reproductive health status, needs and challenges of 10-19 year olds in urban Dhaka. The ultimate goal of the project is to formulate a set of recommendations for programmatic and policy options that the World Bank, and potentially other donors and implementing organizations, can utilize in improving ASRH in urban Bangladesh. 

Duration: 
July 2013 - February 2014
Location(s): 
Bangladesh

Malala's Forgotten Sisters

Girls as young as 5 are still being sold into marriage in Pakistan. And no one will stop it.
Fri, 07/12/2013
Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy delves into the issue of child marriage in Pakistan, particularly the tradition of marrying off young girls to resolve family and tribal disputes. In her assessment of the prevalence of child marriage, the author cites ICRW research.  

Illuminating Pathways to Reproductive Health, Rights and Empowerment for Girls

Through our past research ICRW has identified the causes and harmful effects of child marriage. Additionally, we have identified key program approaches that show potential for delaying and reducing child marriage. While this general understanding has been established, there is a demonstrated need for more specific guidance on programs and policies that will allow adolescent girls in the world's poorest countries to know, understand, and claim their rights and improve their lives. 

The primary objectives of this project are to: 1) illuminate potential "pathways to empowerment" for adolescent girls and women by conducting a deeper assessment of programs that have successfully delayed marriage and childbearing, and 2) mobilize funding, commitment, and action on girls' education, empowerment, and reproductive health through targeted research and advocacy. Currently ICRW is conducting case studies of several programs that are addressing child marriage in diverse settings, including India, Bangladesh and Egypt. We will release a major report in 2014 that will highlight the key findings from these case studies, providing guidance to donors, practitioners and policymakers on how best to address child marriage in the developing world.  

Duration: 
2012 - 2014
Location(s): 
India
Location(s): 
Bangladesh
Location(s): 
Egypt
Related Publications: 

Technical Support to MAMTA in Improving Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in India

ICRW provided technical support to the Indian NGO MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child in the evaluation of its program to strengthen youth friendly health services in two districts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. ICRW worked closely with MAMTA’s evaluation team in designing the research tools (baseline and endline survey questionnaires), developing a sampling framework, analyzing the data and synthesizing the findings. ICRW also provided technical support to the organization in conducting a Rapid Program Review of Government schemes implemented across both states and India as a whole in delaying the age at marriage. These efforts by MAMTA were part of a broader initiative funded by the European Union to prevent early marriage and early pregnancy among adolescent girls in India as well as in Nepal and Bangladesh.  

Duration: 
2012 - 2013
Location(s): 
India

In India Courts, Sexist Marriage Attitudes Hinder Justice

Fri, 05/17/2013
Wall Street Journal Online

The Supreme Court of India overturned a lower court verdict in a spousal abuse case that lead to a woman's death, mentioning that the lower court's suggestion that wife-beating is "a normal facet"  of marriage is a "mind-set which needs to change".  

The article cites an ICRW study to demonstrate the prevalence of these attitudes, saying:

For instance, in a survey by the International Center for Research on Women published in 2011 of more than 1,500 men in two urban areas - the capital of Delhi, and the southern city of Vijayawada - some 65% of respondents agreed with the statement, "There are times when a woman deserves to be beaten".

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in Higher Education

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in Higher Education

St Xavier’s College, ICRW
2013

Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. This initiative was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context.

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

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We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

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Protecting the Rights of People Living with HIV in the Workplace

Protecting the Rights of People Living with HIV in the Workplace

Gujarat State Network of Positive People (GSNP+), ICRW
2013

The Gujarat State Network of Positive People (GSNP+) set out to learn more about the employment needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and levels of stigma toward them in the workplace.  To create a supportive and non-discriminatory work environment for PLHIV, GSNP+ recognized the need to address the drivers and facilitators of stigma among both workers (general population) and institutions (senior management and policies).  The project gained buy-in from five industrial associations in the city of Surat, and as a result, GSNP+ held HIV and stigma sensitization trainings with senior leadership and workers from 11 business houses who were members of these associations. Workplace policies also were developed to support the rights of PLHIV and create an enabling environment for their employment. This project was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma-reduction framework to the Indian context. 

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

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We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

Stigma Busters: Empowering and Enabling Local Governance to Work towards Stigma-free Gram Panchyat

Stigma Busters: Empowering and Enabling Local Governance to Work towards Stigma-free Gram Panchyat

Swasti Health Resource Centre, ICRW
2013

Because of high levels of stigma and discrimination, people living with HIV (PLHIV) rarely participate openly in community-level political and social discussions that affect the implementation of program schemes and policies. Until now, the potential for Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs), India’s local governing bodies, to influence community perceptions and responses around HIV-related stigma had not been utilized. This project was successful in training and mobilizing Gram Panchayat (GP) members to lead stigma reduction efforts in five communities and to create a platform for ongoing dialogue between the Panchayat and PLHIV. This initiative was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context. 

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

(1.98 MB)

We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

Gaurav: Reducing HIV-related Stigma among Female Sex Workers

Gaurav: Reducing HIV-related Stigma among Female Sex Workers

Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT), ICRW
2013

HIV-positive sex workers are a highly marginalized group in India because of their HIV status and because their work is considered immoral and illegal. As a result they experience intersecting stigmas that impede their health and livelihood options. Using a community-based participatory approach, this project aimed to improve the quality of life of HIV-positive female sex workers (FSWs) by addressing the stigma and discrimination they face. The initiative was conducted in Bagalkot and Belgaum districts in north Karnataka and was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context.

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

(1.42 MB)

We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

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