HIV and AIDS

ICRW’s Jennifer McCleary-Sills to Speak at AIDS Conference

Mon, 07/23/2012

ICRW’s Jennifer McCleary-Sills will discuss how to address young people’s vulnerability to HIV in developing countries during the International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C.

ICRW Social and Behavioral Scientist Jennifer McCleary-Sills on July 24 will participate in a panel discussion on how to strengthen the capacity of organizations to understand and address gender issues, HIV and AIDS in their communities. 

The event is part of the International AIDS Conference this week in Washington, D.C., and will take place from 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. in mini room 8 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center downtown. 

McCleary-Sills will discuss approaches ICRW used to guide two Tanzanian groups on how to engage with and mobilize communities to understand and address teenage girls’ vulnerability to HIV. Her presentation will draw from ICRW’s experience designing and evaluating the pilot project, "Vitu Newala,” which took place from 2010 to 2011 in a remote Tanzanian district. The effort was funded by the Positive Action program at ViiV Healthcare, a pharmaceutical company that focuses solely on HIV. 

The following day, McCleary-Sills will participate in a discussion in the Positive Action Networking Zone of the Global Village on how to involve adolescents in HIV prevention programs, and explain why programs targeting girls must also involve boys. That event is scheduled for 11 a.m. on July 25.

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AIDS2012: Thought Leaders to Discuss Social Inequities Fueling Epidemic

ICRW co-hosts panel discussion to launch new global research consortium
Mon, 07/23/2012

ICRW on July 24 will co-host an event to launch STRIVE, a new global research consortium investigating how to address social inequities that continue to drive the AIDS epidemic. The discussion is part of this week’s International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C.

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) on July 24 will co-host an event to launch a new global research consortium that will focus on investigating how to best address social inequalities that drive HIV.  The event is part of this week’s International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C. 

Called STRIVE, the consortium is made up of six partners, including ICRW in Washington, D.C., and its Asia regional office in New Delhi, India, as well as other organizations from Tanzania, India and South Africa. The six-year effort is funded by the UK Department for International Development and managed by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. 

“STRIVE represents an opportunity to build more evidence for what our research at ICRW has long shown—that a biomedical approach alone will not slow the rate of HIV infection throughout the world,” said Katherine Fritz, director of ICRW research and programs in global health. “It’s imperative that we also tackle the sometimes unseen but powerful forces at play – like poverty and gender inequality – that continue to make people more vulnerable to HIV and impede their access to critical treatment and prevention services.” 

The official kick off of STRIVE will include an introduction to the partner organizations and a panel discussion with leaders from around the world who are engaged in efforts to craft HIV programs that respond to the social, economic and political forces shaping the epidemic. 

STRIVE will aim to understand how forces such as gender inequality and violence, poor job prospects, stigma, and social norms around alcohol consumption fuel the AIDS epidemic – as well as undermine the effectiveness of HIV treatment and prevention programs. Researchers also will investigate what programs are effectively tackling these social, political and economic factors and how they can be expanded affordably. Finally, experts will determine how best to translate the STRIVE research into policy and on-the-ground programs. 

“If we intend to eliminate HIV from the planet,” Fritz said, “we have to design innovative programs that address these macro-level drivers of HIV risk by linking and engaging with development sectors outside of health.” 

Globally, there has been a resurgence in biomedical approaches – such as antiretroviral treatment as a prevention tool and medical male circumcision – to address the HIV epidemic.  At the same time, the global economic downturn has amplified calls to streamline HIV programs by concentrating funding into programs with proven impact. This has caused some governments and donor agencies to shy away from investing in multi-sectoral programs to address structural influences on the epidemic. Few of these types of programs have rigorous evidence of effectiveness. 

“This is why ICRW and its STRIVE partners believe that generating evidence to support the viability of addressing how social, political and economic issues in HIV programming is more important than ever,” Fritz said. 

Although ICRW’s specific contribution to STRIVE is still being finalized, Fritz suggested that ICRW could build on an existing body of work that examines the links between high alcohol consumption and HIV transmission. Under the consortium, researchers from ICRW’s Washington office also may address how to reduce stigma that inhibits pregnant women living with HIV from using services that could prevent transmission of the virus to their babies. 

Meanwhile, researchers based in New Delhi will expand Parivartan, an ICRW program for boys focused on changing norms around masculinity and violence against women. The expanded approach will now incorporate girls, and links between gender norms and violence, substance and alcohol use, sexuality and HIV. Under STRIVE, ICRW researchers also will document the adaptation and implementation of a stigma-reduction framework into five key sectors to advocate for a possible integration into India’s National AIDS Control Policy. 

Related content: Commentary: Getting to Zero

Gillian Gaynair is ICRW’s senior writer and editor.

Sancheeta Ghosh

Image Place Holder
Sancheeta
Ghosh
Technical Specialist
Bio: 

Sancheeta Ghosh is a Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this capacity, she manages several projects, providing technical support and implementing research and program activities. Ghosh conducts literature reviews, manages and analyzes data, synthesizes research findings and develops research publications for a range of audiences. Ghosh has more than six years of experience conducting academic, operations and participatory research, including in monitoring and evaluation, in the areas of health, women’s empowerment and gender based violence.

Prior to joining ICRW Ghosh worked as a Research Coordinator for KHPT, Bangalore; as a Senior Research Officer at the Institute of Health Management and Research (IHMR), Bangalore; and as a Programme and Training Associate with CINI, West Bengal . She also worked as a Research Officer and Research Investigator at the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai.  

Expertise: 

Gender-based Violence and Reproductive Health, Maternal Health, HIV/AIDS, Gender and Masculinity, Development and Population issues 

Languages Spoken: 

Bengali (native), English (fluent), Hindi (fluent)

Education: 

Ghosh holds a doctorate degree in development studies from the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, a master’s degree in demography from IIPS and a master’s in anthropology from the University of Calcutta, West Bengal. She earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of Calcutta in Anthropology. 

Ranajit Sengupta

Ranajit
Sengupta
Technical Specialist
Bio: 

Ranajit Senguptais Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this role Sengupta closely works with ICRW researchers and partner organizations in the design and evaluation of research projects.  Sengupta has particular expertise in maternal and child health, family planning and HIV/AIDS, having worked on more than 10 national and state level research studies in these areas.  

Prior to joining ICRW Sengupta was the National Research Manager with India’s National AIDS Control Organization’s Technical Support Group. There he was responsible for conceptualizing and executing research studies and developing the Annual Research Plan and Budget. Sengupta also coordinated the hiring of research agencies for quantitative and qualitative data collection and the dissemination of research findings to stakeholders, including the government, donor and NGO communities. 

Expertise: 

Maternal and Child Health, Family Planning, HIV/AIDS

Languages Spoken: 

English, Hindi and Bengali

Education: 

Sengupta has a master’s degree in population studies from the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, and presently is pursuing a doctorate from the Gokhale Institute for Politics and Economics (GIPE), Pune. 

Ranajit Sengupta

Ranajit
Sengupta
Technical Specialist
Bio: 

Ranajit Sengupta is Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this role Sengupta closely works with ICRW researchers and partner organizations in the design and evaluation of research projects.  Sengupta has particular expertise in maternal and child health, family planning and HIV/AIDS, having worked on more than 10 national and state level research studies in these areas.  

Prior to joining ICRW Sengupta was the National Research Manager with India’s National AIDS Control Organization’s Technical Support Group. There he was responsible for conceptualizing and executing research studies and developing the Annual Research Plan and Budget. Sengupta also coordinated the hiring of research agencies for quantitative and qualitative data collection and the dissemination of research findings to stakeholders, including the government, donor and NGO communities.

Expertise: 

Maternal and Child Health, Family Planning, HIV/AIDS

Languages Spoken: 

English, Hindi and Bengali

Education: 

Sengupta has a master’s degree in population studies from the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, and presently is pursuing a doctorate from the Gokhale Institute for Politics and Economics (GIPE), Pune.

Ranajit Sengupta

Ranajit
Sengupta
Technical Specialist
Bio: 

Ranajit Senguptais Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this role Sengupta closely works with ICRW researchers and partner organizations in the design and evaluation of research projects.  Sengupta has particular expertise in maternal and child health, family planning and HIV/AIDS, having worked on more than 10 national and state level research studies in these areas.  

Prior to joining ICRW Sengupta was the National Research Manager with India’s National AIDS Control Organization’s Technical Support Group. There he was responsible for conceptualizing and executing research studies and developing the Annual Research Plan and Budget. Sengupta also coordinated the hiring of research agencies for quantitative and qualitative data collection and the dissemination of research findings to stakeholders, including the government, donor and NGO communities.

Expertise: 

Maternal and Child Health, Family Planning, HIV/AIDS

Languages Spoken: 

English, Hindi and Bengali

Education: 

Sengupta has a master’s degree in population studies from the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, and presently is pursuing a doctorate from the Gokhale Institute for Politics and Economics (GIPE), Pune.

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in Higher Education

Integrating a Youth-based Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Curriculum in Higher Education

St Xavier’s College, ICRW
2013

Stigmatizing attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) are common among young people. Yet there are few opportunities for youth to be exposed to interventions that address the key drivers of stigma and discrimination, namely lack of awareness of stigma and its harmful consequences, social judgment and fear of infection through casual contact. This project demonstrated that higher education can be an effective entry point for stigma reduction, by working with several groups and environments, in this case the faculty, students and college. This initiative was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context.

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

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We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

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Protecting the Rights of People Living with HIV in the Workplace

Protecting the Rights of People Living with HIV in the Workplace

Gujarat State Network of Positive People (GSNP+), ICRW
2013

The Gujarat State Network of Positive People (GSNP+) set out to learn more about the employment needs of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and levels of stigma toward them in the workplace.  To create a supportive and non-discriminatory work environment for PLHIV, GSNP+ recognized the need to address the drivers and facilitators of stigma among both workers (general population) and institutions (senior management and policies).  The project gained buy-in from five industrial associations in the city of Surat, and as a result, GSNP+ held HIV and stigma sensitization trainings with senior leadership and workers from 11 business houses who were members of these associations. Workplace policies also were developed to support the rights of PLHIV and create an enabling environment for their employment. This project was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma-reduction framework to the Indian context. 

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

(848.4 KB)

We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

Stigma Busters: Empowering and Enabling Local Governance to Work towards Stigma-free Gram Panchyat

Stigma Busters: Empowering and Enabling Local Governance to Work towards Stigma-free Gram Panchyat

Swasti Health Resource Centre, ICRW
2013

Because of high levels of stigma and discrimination, people living with HIV (PLHIV) rarely participate openly in community-level political and social discussions that affect the implementation of program schemes and policies. Until now, the potential for Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs), India’s local governing bodies, to influence community perceptions and responses around HIV-related stigma had not been utilized. This project was successful in training and mobilizing Gram Panchayat (GP) members to lead stigma reduction efforts in five communities and to create a platform for ongoing dialogue between the Panchayat and PLHIV. This initiative was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context. 

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

(1.98 MB)

We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

Gaurav: Reducing HIV-related Stigma among Female Sex Workers

Gaurav: Reducing HIV-related Stigma among Female Sex Workers

Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT), ICRW
2013

HIV-positive sex workers are a highly marginalized group in India because of their HIV status and because their work is considered immoral and illegal. As a result they experience intersecting stigmas that impede their health and livelihood options. Using a community-based participatory approach, this project aimed to improve the quality of life of HIV-positive female sex workers (FSWs) by addressing the stigma and discrimination they face. The initiative was conducted in Bagalkot and Belgaum districts in north Karnataka and was part of a larger effort to adapt and pilot test a global stigma reduction framework to the Indian context.

To read the Summary Report, click here

Other Case Studies in this Project

(1.42 MB)

We encourage the use and dissemination of our publications for non-commercial, educational purposes. Portions may be reproduced with acknowledgment to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). For questions, please contact publications@icrw.org; or (202) 797-0007.

Terms and Conditions »

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