Measurement and Evaluation

Changing the Course for Child Brides in Ethiopia

This week we focus on the often overlooked population of married adolescent girls, and a program that works empower them by addressing their health and economic needs.

Enana recalls her parents bathing her many years ago to get ready for, they told her, a holiday celebration. She doesn't remember how old she was.

"I was a child," Enana said. "I didn't even know how to clean myself."

A child, but ready -in her parents' eyes - to be a bride.

What to Consider When Designing Gender-Responsive Program Evaluations

ICRW’s Jeff Edmeades explains why effective gender-responsive evaluations are so critical to global development efforts, in this piece published by the Guardian’s new Adolescent Girls Hub.  

Over the past decade, development practitioners have made robust program evaluation a crucial part of most programming approaches, reflecting an increased emphasis on designing cost effective projects that demonstrate significant change. This shift has coincided with a greater awareness of the need to focus more explicitly on gender as a key factor in a wide range of development-related issues.

Financial Services for Low-Income Women: Opportunities for Economic Empowerment?

Financial Services for Low-Income Women: Opportunities for Economic Empowerment?

Rekha Mehra, Payal Patel, Adithi Shetty and Anne Golla

Over the past thirty years, financial service interventions have featured prominently in efforts to advance women economically. They include informal savings groups, the integration of women into formal banking, and financial intermediaries that bridge the divide between them.

Although these financial interventions have been extensively studied, using a range of evaluation techniques in different contexts, they have not often been examined comprehensively in the context of empowering women economically. Nor is much information available about the contexts in which particular approaches succeed and where they do not, or what products are more suitable or better meet particular demands. 

This report examines the available evidence on the extent to and ways in which financial services have (or have not) contributed to women’s economic empowerment. It seeks to highlight the research gaps and identify priorities for research and practice as guidance for how to effectively invest in creating economic opportunities for women in the financial services sector. 

The report is part of a larger initiative entitled “The Roadmap for Promoting Women’s Economic Empowerment,”of the United Nations Foundation and ExxonMobil, which aims to close a crucial knowledge gap by identifying the most effective interventions to advance women’s economic opportunities. 

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A Monitoring and Evaluation System for Soko, Inc.

Soko, Inc. has developed an innovative e-commerce technology for the developing world, enabling crafts persons to easily connect to online customers. Vendors can create and manage their online storefronts via their personal mobile phones. Global consumers can then buy directly from the vendors on Soko’s  e-commerce website, revolutionizing the supply chain into a peer-to-peer exchange. Soko securely transfers credit card payments made online into a mobile money payment for the vendor. Thus far Soko has recruited over 250 vendors and sold over 40 different products on their website (

ICRW will support Soko in developing a comprehensive performance monitoring system that collects periodic data about the implementation of project activities and vendors’ sales. This system will provide ongoing feedback to Soko, enabling it to modify project activities to enhance effectiveness and profits as the company expands its network of vendors.

Specifically, the monitoring and evaluation system will:

  • Track data related to project implementation such as vendor and agent recruitment, training, retention and level of engagement within the sales network
  • Determine which methods of recruitment, retention, and training yield the highest number of sales and profit
  • Collect data on outcomes of social impact for vendors such as enterprise-related skills and knowledge, the diversification of income-generating activities and vendors ability to exercise agency through the use and ownership of mobile phones and money
  • Provide data about what is working and where challenges lie related to project implementation and vendor sales. 
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Capturing the Gender Effect

Capturing the Gender Effect
Guidance for Gender Measurement in Agriculture Programs

Anjala Kanesathasan, Krista Jacobs, Margo Young, Adithi Shetty

Over the past decade there has been growing recognition of the contribution that women make to agricultural production around the world. Despite this attention, many agricultural programs struggle to capture the difference—or the ‘gender effect’—that gender integration makes on key outputs and outcomes.

This technical brief, produced for the Tanzania Gender and Agriculture Forum (TaGAF), draws on the experiences of two projects in Mbeya, Tanzania—Faida Mali’s Integrated Soil Fertility Management and TechnoServe’s Coffee Initiative—focusing on the steps they have taken to measure the ‘gender effect’.  It is a follow-on to an earlier TaGAF brief that presents some of the promising gender responsive practices these project have underway.  

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Advancing Women, Changing Lives

Advancing Women, Changing Lives
A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Gap Inc. P.A.C.E. Program

Priya Nanda. Anurag Mishra, Sunayana Walia, Shubh Sharma, Ellen Weiss and Jennifer Abrahamson

Globally the garment industry is one of the biggest employers of low‐skilled women workers.  Despite their large numbers in the workforce, relatively few female garment workers advance to higher-level positions as they have limited opportunities to acquire the skills that would enable their professional and personal growth.  In response to this need, Gap Inc. initiated the P.A.C.E. (Personal Advancement & Career Enhancement) workplace education program to teach women the managerial, interpersonal, organizational and other practical skills needed to move forward in work and in life.   

This report summarizes findings from program evaluations conducted by ICRW from 2009 - 2013 at six factory sites where P.A.C.E. is implemented - two in India and one each in Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China.

Research findings from these robust, multi-country evaluations demonstrate that P.A.C.E. is an effective, sustainable and scalable model that yields high returns for women, their families and the businesses where they work. 

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Shubh Sharma

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Technical Specialist

Shubh Sharma is a Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this capacity, she provides management and research support to ICRW’s evaluation of Gap Inc.’s Personal Advancement and Career Enhancement (P.A.C.E) Program for women factory workers across seven countries in Asia. Prior to joining ICRW, Sharma worked on several evaluations of women’s and adolescent girls’ programs as well as on policy research concerning women’s work and education. She has also been in involved in training and networking around feminist evaluation in India. 


Measurement and Evaluation, Advocacy and Policy Engagement, Economic Empowerment, Adolescents 

Languages Spoken: 

English (fluent), Hindi (native), Spanish (intermediate)


Sharma’s post graduate studies were in social work at the Delhi School of Social Work, and in public health under the Erasmus Mundus Scholarship Programme of the European Commission. Her undergraduate education was in sociology at Hindu College, University of Delhi.

Allison M. Glinski

Allison M.
Gender and Development Specialist

Allison M. Glinski is a Gender and Development Specialist at ICRW. She has more than five years of research, program and advocacy experience focused on adolescent girls, reproductive health and family planning, monitoring and evaluation (M&E), and women and technology. At ICRW, Allison has carried out research on women’s demand for contraception, conducted a deeper analysis of programs that have successfully delayed child marriage, examined the links between adolescent girls’ education and successful transitions to adulthood, and identified how technology can benefit women and girls. 

Allison has a background in development and global health, which she applies in her fieldwork across Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. She has a wide range of research and programmatic competencies, including carrying out qualitative, participatory studies; developing and managing M&E systems; building the M&E capacity of ICRW partners through workshops and ongoing technical assistance; conducting gender analyses of field programs and translating research evidence into practical guidance for program practitioners and policymakers.  Reflecting on her work, Allison most enjoys the opportunity to understand complex issues from a multi-cultural, inter-disciplinary perspective.

Allison is passionate about helping adolescent girls experience a healthy transition to adulthood by delaying marriage, building their self-confidence, increasing their access to high quality education, increasing the value that families and communities place on girls, and providing girls with the necessary knowledge and skills to navigate the challenges that lie ahead.  She also is very interested in finding innovative solutions to economically empower women through entrepreneurship and the use of technology. Through her work, Allison strives to create measurement systems through which programs can gain a better understanding of the impact they are having, what is working well, and what they need to change for even greater impact.

Allison has experience working with a wide range of donors and partners, including US government agencies (Department of State), bilateral and multilateral agencies (USAID, WHO), foundations (Packard, Hewlett, Gates, Summit), corporate partners (Exxon Mobil, Intel), NGOs (Save the Children, Women Win, Solar Sister) and coalitions and alliances (Girls Not Brides, Youth Health and Rights Coalition, International Family Planning Coalition, Coalition for Adolescent Girls).

Prior to joining ICRW, Allison worked with the International Medical Corps, providing support in research, M&E, and project management to nutrition, sanitation, HIV/AIDS, and maternal health projects. Allison also served as an AmeriCorps volunteer, creating and teaching health classes to elementary and middle school students, as well as providing information to families on energy, housing, and healthcare assistance.

Allison holds a master’s degree in international development with a concentration in global health from the George Washington University and a bachelor’s in English and psychology from the University of Michigan.  Allison is proficient in Spanish.

Contact Allison at aglinski@icrw.organd follow her on Twitter: @AllieMcGlinski


Adolescent Girls, Child Marriage, Economic Empowerment, Education, M&E, Reproductive Health

Languages Spoken: 

English (native); Spanish (proficient)  


Allison holds an MA in international development with a concentration in global health from the George Washington University and a BA in English and psychology from the University of Michigan. 

Nitin Datta

Technical Specialist

Nitin Datta is Technical Specialist at the International Center for Research on Women's (ICRW) Asia Regional Office. Datta provides technical support to various research and evaluation projects in the areas of maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS and gender and reproductive health. He specializes in monitoring and evaluation of health programs, including developing MIS systems and research designs, and conducting data management and analysis. He has experience using both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies and software programs like SPSS, STATA, and ATLAS TI.

Prior to joining ICRW, Datta worked for FHI360, Population Council, Futures Group and IIM Bangalore on a variety of studies focused on HIV/AIDS, family planning, maternal and child health and gender-based violence. As an MPhil candidate, Datta collected and analyzed data on prostate cancer patients.  


Research and Evaluation, Maternal and Child health, HIV /AIDS

Languages Spoken: 

Hindi (native), English (fluent)


Datta has an MPhil in population sciences from the International Institute for Population Sciences. He also holds a master’s degree in economics, and a bachelor’s in mathematics, physics and chemistry from Lucknow University.

ICRW Unveils Evaluation of Goldman Sachs' 10,000 Women

Evaluation offers first glimpse of program's impact on women entrepreneurs
Thu, 03/01/2012

ICRW conducted an evaluation of the Goldman Sachs 10,000 Women initiative in India to identify early results of the program on women entrepreneurs’ business skills, practices and growth. The findings were unveiled today at the Council on Foreign Relations.

The global five-year program, "10,000 Women," aims to harness the power of women entrepreneurs to foster economic growth by teaching them how to become stronger businesswomen. Launched by Goldman Sachs in March 2008, the program’s goal is to provide 10,000 women who run small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) with high-quality business and management skills training.    

Despite the enormous potential of these women to help grow economies in developing countries, research shows that they often have little access to business or management training and entrepreneurial networks. In an attempt to fill this critical gap, 10,000 Women invests in women in the SME sector who belong to what is often referred to as the “missing middle.” 

Has it made a difference in women’s lives? Has it borne broader benefits for the communities where they live and work? 

The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) set out to find out. Our researchers just completed the first independent evaluation of the 10,000 Women program, which focused on results in India. It shows that the program — in combination with a number of other factors — is making a difference there. 

ICRW President Sarah Degnan Kambou will release the report, "Catalyzing Growth in the Women-run Small and Medium Enterprise Sector (SMEs)," and discuss its findings during a March 1 Council on Foreign Relations event in New York. Goldman Sachs and U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues Melanne Verveer will be among the attendees.

ICRW found strong evidence that the 10,000 Women program in India contributed to improving women’s business practices and skills. For many of the program's participants, these newfound skills seem to have played a critical role in strengthening their businesses’ performance. For example, half of the program’s "graduates" who reported data, said that they had doubled their revenues in an 18-month period. They also reported feeling more confident as entrepreneurs, which they say has resulted in other positive outcomes within their families and communities. 

ICRW's evaluation does not reflect the overall performance of the 10,000 Women program, which is up and running in countries as diverse as Afghanistan, China, Egypt and Rwanda. However, it does provide an initial glimpse at the program's potential to make a difference in 10,000 businesswomen’s lives – and the lives around them.

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